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#141: GS 3 | Technology Missions
Free notes for GS3 Topic
Public Distribution is an important topic of GS3. Sharing GS3 Mains notes on this topic compiled by @Conquerias24, a Post Graduate in Economics from Madras School of Economics. Do follow him @Conquerias24!
Technology Mission on Oilseeds, Pulses, and Maize (TMOPM) (1986)
To increase the production of oilseeds, pulses, and maize to reduce the country’s dependence on imports of edible oils and meet the growing demand for food.
4 main objectives:
Increase production % productivity of oilseeds, pulses, maize by modern technologies & better farm practices.
Availability of quality seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers at affordable prices.
Develop post-harvest technologies to reduce losses and increase shelf life of produce.
Promote R&D in oilseeds, pulses, maize to improve their quality & yield.
Schemes under the program:
Oilseeds Production Program
National Pulses Development Project
Accelerated Maize Development Program
Oil Palm Development Program
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oil Development Board
National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (1986)
National Oilseeds Mission - 1986
Restructured as National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) in 2014
Increase oilseed production to reduce dependence on import of oilseeds
Increase productivity of oilseeds - Modern technologies, better farm practices, HYV seeds
Post-harvest tech to increase shelf life
R&D in Oilseeds & Oil Palm
Increasing Seed Replacement Ratio
Increasing irrigation coverage
Diversification of area from low-yielding cereals
Intercropping; use of fallow land
Expansion of cultivation in watersheds & wastelands
Increasing availability of quality planting materials
Enhancing procurement of oilseeds and collection and processing of TBOs
National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (2010)
Started with aim of promoting sustainable agri practices & increasing climate resilience of agri
Increase productivity of crops while ensuring sustainability of natural resources.
Promote climate-resilient agriculture practices
Promote soil health management -By Integrated nutrient management, organic farming, conservation agriculture practices.
Value chains for agri products -> Increase farmer’s income
Schemes under NMSA
Rainfed Area Development (RAD)
Soil Health Management (SHM)
Sub Mission on Agro-Forestry (SMAF)
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
Soil and Land Use Survey of India (SLUSI)
National Rainfed Area Authority (NRAA)
Mission Organic Value Chain Development in North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER)
National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF)
Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute (CFQC&TI)
National Livestock Mission (2014)
4 major components:
Livestock development - Promote adoption of modern tech for rearing, breeding, and disease control + better quality fodder
Livestock health - Vaccination, disease surveillance and control measures, Veterinary hospitals and clinics
Capacity building - Train farmers and livestock service providers in livestock management practices, veterinary care, and entrepreneurship.
Market Access to livestock Farmers
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (2014)
Increase horticulture production & productivity
Promote crop diversification
Promote post-harvest management and value addition
Increase export of horticulture produce.
Market infrastructure development for horticulture
Capacity building & entrepreneurship
Schemes under MIDH
National Horticulture Mission
Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States
National Bamboo Mission
National Horticulture Board
Coconut Development Board
Central Institute for Horticulture, Nagaland
National Mission on Food Processing (NMFP) (2014)
Promote food processing (FP) industry
Enhance value addition to agricultural and horticultural produce
Employment opportunities in FP sector
Develop modern FP infrastructure
Promote R&D in the FP for better quality food.
Promote exports of processed food items.
Technology Mission on Cotton (2000)
For sustainable & profitable cotton cultivation.
Greater productivity & profitability of cotton cultivation.
Adoption of sustainable cultivation practices
R&D in cotton sector
Capacity building & training of farmers
Missions under this:
Cotton Research and Technology Generation;
Transfer of Technology and Development;
Development of Market Infrastructure;
Modernization / Setting up of new G&P factories
Jute Technology Mission (2015)
Develop Jute sector
The main objectives of the mission are to:
Greater productivity & better quality jute products
R&D in jute sector
Capacity building & entrepreneurship
Use of jute as an eco-friendly alternative to synthetic materials.
Technology Mission on Coconut (2014)
Sustainable & profitable coconut cultivation
Increase the productivity and profitability of coconut cultivation.
Adoption of sustainable coconut cultivation practices.
R&D in coconut sector
Capacity building & entrepreneurship.
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